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40个雅思写作高分词汇和短语

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2018-11-16 新通教育

一篇真正优秀的雅思大作文是怎样的?首先应该有清晰的结构。如果没有一定的框架,就只是词汇的堆砌,只言片语的拼凑。要搭好框架,需要一定的词汇短语来引导,来支撑。今天新通教育给大家分享40个雅思写作高分词汇和短语,我们一起向高分大作文进攻吧!

        先来看看雅思写作8分范文是怎样的~~~

8分范文

Question:

Many museums charge for admission while others are free.

Do you think the advantages of charging people for admission to museums outweigh the disadvantages?

Sample Answer :

Lots of museums charge a fee whileothers do not.This essay thinks that the benefits of charging do not outweigh the drawbacks because open access to relics and art is more important than generating money that the government should supply in any event.

The main disadvantage is that high fees exclude a large proportion of the population,especially in less developed countries. Many people in poorer countries have just enough money for food and shelter.Exhibits are one of the few cultural activities they can enjoy free of charge. For example,Egypt has millions of people living in poverty, but also a rich and ancient culture and it is therefore important that everyone gets to experience these artifacts. Another big negative is that students and children who are learning about the world may not be able to visit. It would be a huge shame if art students could not see their favorite painters or sculptor's work in real life because their finances could not cover the cost.

Despite this,there are some who say that museums are unsustainable without the money they might get from ticket sales.They say that this allows the building to remain open and it is better that some people get to experience it,rather than none at all. To thisI would say that the government should step in and cover the cost because culture is as important as anything else it spends money on. For instance,in the UK,there have been huge government spending cuts over the last few years,but the museums have not had the funding reduced because of their importance to the country's cultural heritage.

Inconclusion,although some might say that places of culture should be run Iike a business,the cost to the education and heritage of the country is too great and they should remain free to all.

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我们会发现:

雅思8分范文的亮点之一就是运用了很多连接词和引导语,使得句子机构很流畅,考官很容易抓住重点信息,读起来不费劲自然就愿意打高分喽。

所以接下里我们就来看看雅思写作中那些深得考官芳心的词汇表达(附高分例句)。

解释观点

有时候我们需要在作文中对复杂的观点进行解释,从而让考官更清楚地了解你传达的具体信息。

1.In order to

用法:用于解释一个论点的目的。

E. g.:In order tounderstand X, we need first to understand Y.

 

2.In other words

用法:一般用来以另外一种更简单的方式来表达观点,使观点更容易理解,或来强调、拓展某个观点。

E. g.:Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water.

 

3.To put it another way

用法:这个短语和in other words的意思相同,可以被用于解释特别复杂的观点,从而使读者更好地理解问题的重要性。

E.g.:Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.

4.That is to say

用法:“That is” and “that is to say” 都可以用来为自己的解释补充更多细节,从而使信息而更加准确。

F. g.:Whales are mammals. That is to say,they must breathe air.

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5.To that end

用法:“to that end” 和“to this end”是“in order to” 和“so”的同义替换表达。

E.g.:Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other.To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.

补充信息

很多同学在表达一个观点或作出论断时,除了and以外,还会使用一些同义词来增加额外的信息,补充更多细节,但往往会混淆,接下来我们就分别来学习它们的用法。

 

6.Moreover

用法:一般用于句首,补充其他信息以支持自己的观点。

E.g.:Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support of…

7.Furthermore

用法:通常也用于句首,增加信息。

E.g.: Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…

 

8.What’s more

用法:和 “moreover” and “furthermore”用法相同可替换。

E.g.: What’s more,this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.

 

9.Likewise

用法:当你想谈论一些支持或符合你之前提到的情况的观点,就可以用likewise.

E.g.: Scholar A believes X.Likewise,Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of this point of view.

 

10.Similarly

用法:和 “likewise”用法相同。

E.g.: Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly,we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.

 

11.Another key thing to remember

用法:another key point to remember” 和 “another key fact to remember” 可以替换also,来介绍更多额外的事实。

E.g.: As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to rememberis that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.

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12.As well as

用法:as well as来代替also” 和 “and”。

E.g.: Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well asY.

 

13.Not only… but also

用法:这一表达用来增加另一条信息,并且经常是更令人惊讶的或者比前一条信息更出人意料的。

E.g.: Not onlydid Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest,but he was alsoappointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

 

14.Coupled with

用法:用于同时考虑两种以上观点时。

E.g.: Coupled withthe literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…

 

15.Firstly, secondly, thirdly…

用法:用来组织论点结构,清楚地描述一个个事实。

E.g.: There are many points in support of this view. Firstly, X. Secondly,Y. And thirdly,Z.

 

16.Not to mention/to say nothing of

用法:在增加额外信息时,带着一点强调的意味。

E.g.: The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mentionits impact on the country’s economy.

展示对比

在组织论点时,我们经常需要表达对比、相反的观点或论据,比如"it could show this, but it could also show this" 或 “X says this, but Y disagrees”.

除了but以外,下面这些表达,也可以用来表达对比或相反意思,使你的写作看起来更多变有趣。

 

17.However

用法:引出一个不同于你之前表达的观点。

E.g.:Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.

 

18.On the other hand

用法:这个短语可以用来对同一个论据作出相对比的解释,或者提出不同的论据,或者提出相反的观点。

E.g.: The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.

 

19.Having said that

用法:同on the other hand 和“but”用法相同。

E.g.: The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account. Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.

 

20.By contrast/in comparison

用法:by contrast” or “in comparison” 用来比较相反的论据。

E.g.: Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.

 

21.Then again

用法:Use this to cast doubt on an assertion.

这个短语用来针对一个论断抛出疑问。

E.g.: Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.

 

22.That said

用法:同“then again”.用法相同。

E.g.: The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said,much of the evidence is unreliable at best.

 

23.Yet

用法:用来介绍一个相反的观点。

E.g.: Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.

附带说明

有时候,你需要指出一个论据的不足或者提出附带条件,下面这些表达可以帮助你。

 

24.Despite this

用法:“despite this” 和 “in spite of this用来表达尽管论据上存在不足,但你会列出一个站得住脚的观点来支持。

E.g.: The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.

 

25.With this in mind

用法:当你想让读者在了解了某个事物的相关知识后,思考某一个观点时。

E.g.: We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. With this in mind,let’s look at a more recent study to see how the results compare.”

 

26.Provided that

用法:和on condition that”意思相同,也可以用 providing that” 和“providing” 来替换。

E.g.: We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided thatwe bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.”

 

27.In view of/in light of

用法:当一个事物已经解释了另一种事物时,可以用这个词语。

E.g.:In light of the evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…

 

28.Nonetheless

用法:和 “despite this”用法相同。

E.g.:The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.

 

29.Nevertheless

用法:和“nonetheless”.用法相同。

E.g.:The study was flawed, but it was importantnevertheless.

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30.Notwithstanding

用法:和nonetheless”用法相同。

E.g.: Notwithstanding the limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.

列举事例

一篇好的作文需要用具体的例子来支撑观点,但如果每次都用for example,就体现不出来你的多样表达能力,考官也会审美疲劳。所以我们来学习其他替换表达。

 

31.For instance

E.g.: Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for instance, leave the UK in early winter and fly south…

 

32.To give an illustration

E.g.: To give an illustration ofwhat I mean, let’s look at the case of…

突出强调

当你想证明某种观点相当重要,接下来这些表达可以用来突出强调。

 

33.Significantly

用法:用来表达一个观点,但它的意思并不是那么明显。

E.g.: Significantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.

 

34.Notably

用法:和significantly” 意思相同,也可以和in particular”进行替换。

E.g.: Actual figures are notably absent from Scholar A’s analysis.

 

35.Importantly

用法:和significantly”可以替换使用。

E.g.:Importantly,Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.

总结内容

完整的作文应该有结尾和总结,你需要总结所讨论的事情,表明你已经考虑了双方的论点并达成一个最可能的结论。

 

36.In conclusion

用法:一般用来介绍文章结尾段或结尾句,总结文章总体上讨论的内容。

E.g.:In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.

 

37.Above all

用法:用来表达你认为最重要的观点,文章的主要内容。

E.g.:Above all,it seems pertinent to remember that…

 

38.persuasive

用法:当你总结最有信服力的观点时。

E.g.:Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.

 

39.Compelling

用法:和“persuasive” 用法相同。

E.g.:The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.

 

40.All things considered

用法:和taking everything into account意思相同。

E.g.: All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…

上面这些表达你在作文中用到过么?或者你还知道哪些高分短语,记得留言分享哦!总之,清晰的结构+多样化的词汇表达是雅思写作的提分必杀技!你get到了么?

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