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SAT阅读题型分类——词汇题

作者:新通教育

2016-02-19 新通教育

SAT阅读一直是中国考生的薄弱项,新通教育为帮助广大考生提高SAT考试成绩,特地精心整理了SAT阅读分类题库。那快来SAT阅读高分素材库汲取营养吧!

 The passage is taken from a description of the life of certain Pacific Islanders written by a pioneering sociologist.

  By the time a child is six or seven she has all the essential

  avoidances well enough by heart to be trusted with the care of a

  younger child. And she also develops a number of simple

  techniques. She learns to weave firm square balls from palm

  (5) leaves, to make pinwheels of palm leaves or frangipani blossoms,

  to climb a coconut tree by walking up the trunk on flexible little

  feet, to break open a coconut with one firm well-directed blow of

  a knife as long as she is tall, to play a number of group games

  and sing the songs which go with them, to tidy the house by

  (10 )picking up the litter on the stony floor, to bring water from the

  sea, to spread out the copra to dry and to help gather it in when

  rain threatens, to go to a neighboring house and bring back a

  lighted faggot for the chief's pipe or the cook-house fire.

  But in the case of the little girls all these tasks are merely

  (15) supplementary to the main business of baby-tending. Very small

  boys also have some care of the younger children, but at eight or

  nine years of age they are usually relieved of it. Whatever rough

  edges have not been smoothed off by this responsibility for

  younger children are worn off by their contact with older boys.

  (20) For little boys are admitted to interesting and important activities

  only so long as their behavior is circumspect and helpful. Where

  small girls are brusquely pushed aside, small boys will be

  patiently tolerated and they become adept at making themselves

  useful. The four or five little boys who all wish to assist at the

  (25) important, business of helping a grown youth lasso reef eels,

  organize themselves into a highly efficient working team; one boy

  holds the bait, another holds an extra lasso, others poke

  eagerly about in holes in the reef looking for prey, while still

  another tucks the captured eels into his lavalava. The small girls,

  (30) burdened with heavy babies or the care of little staggerers who are

  too small to adventure on the reef, discouraged by the hostility

  of the small boys and the scorn of the older ones, have

  little opportunity for learning the more adventurous forms of work

  and play. So while the little boys first undergo the

  (35) chastening effects of baby-tending and then have many

  opportunities to learn effective cooperation under the supervision

  of older boys, the girls' education is less comprehensive. They

  have a high standard of individual responsibility, but the

  community provides them with no lessons in cooperation with one

  40 another. This is particularly apparent in the activities of young

  people: the boys organize quickly; the girls waste hours in

  bickering, innocent of any technique for quick and efficient

  cooperation.

 2. The word 'brusquely' (line 22) most nearly means

  A. quickly

  B. gently

  C. nonchalantly

  D. abruptly

  E. callously

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