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托福写作100个黄金替换词汇

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2018-05-17 新通教育

托福写作100个黄金替换词汇,了解一下!

托福考试中,词汇缺乏是大家的通病,同学们想要提高这方面的能力,除了有一定的框架与思路之外,一些必要词汇的积累也是很重要的!

这里有100个托福写作黄金词汇和替换词,大家一定要熟练掌握哦!

1. famous people 名人

替换词:celebrities (单数为 celebrity)

2. opinion 观点

替换词:perspective / standpoint (means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)

3. complex 复杂的

替换词:intricate

(if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)

4. part 部分

替换词:component

5. person 人

替换词:individual

6. friends 朋友、同伴

替换词:companions

7. enemy 敌人

替换词:opponent / foe

8. narrow minds 狭隘的头脑或观念

替换词:insular minds

9. boring 无聊的

替换词:tedious

(if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)

10. cold 寒冷的

替换词:chilly (unpleasantly cold) / icy (extremely cold)

11. dangerous 危险的

替换词:perilous (very dangerous) / hazardous (dangerous, especially to people's safety and health)

12. nowadays 目前

替换词:currently

13. result 结果

替换词:consequence (the results or effects of something)

14. obvious 明显的

替换词:apparent / manifest

15. field 领域

替换词:domain (a particular field of thought, activities or interest)

16. wrong 错误的

替换词:erroneous

(incorrect or partly correct)

17. change 改变、转变

替换词:convert

(change into another form)

18. rich 富有

替换词:affluent

(if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)

19. attractive 吸引人的

替换词:appealing

(pleasing and attractive) / absorbing (something absorbing can attract you a great deal)

20. best 最好的

替换词:optimal (used to describe the best level something can achieve)

21. unbelievable 难以置信的

替换词:inconceivable

(if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen)

22. method 方法

替换词:avenue

(away of getting something done)

23. famous 著名的、出众的

替换词:distinguished

(used to describe people who are successful in their career)

24. ancient 古老的

替换词:archaic (extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)

25. possible 可能的、合理的

替换词:feasible

(if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)

26. so 因此

替换词:consequently / accordingly

27. rare 很少发生的

替换词:infrequent (doesn’t happen often)

28. careful 小心的、谨慎的

替换词:cautious (very careful in order to avoid danger) / prudent (careful and sensible)

29. dislike 不喜欢、厌恶

替换词:abhor

(abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons) / loathe (dislike very much)

30. near 附近的

替换词:adjacent (two things next to each other) / adjoin (the same as adjacent)

31. common 普遍的

替换词:universal / ubiquitous (if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)

32. important 重要的

替换词:crucial

(extremely important) / significant (amount or effect large enough to be important)

33.a life without regular exercise

缺乏定期锻炼的生活

替换词:a sedentary lifestyle

34. very popular 很受欢迎

替换词:prevalent / ubiquitous

35. strong 强有力的

替换词:powerful / mighty

36. be better than 比…好

替换词:be superior to

37. many 大量、许多

替换词:numerous

38. most suitable 最合适的

替换词:optimal

39. alone 孤独的

替换词:solitary

40. be the same 一样

替换词:be identical /

be homogenous / be uniform

41. happy 开心的

替换词:delighted

42. good for the environment

对环境好,环保

替换词:eco-friendly

43. doubt sth. 怀疑某事

替换词:be skeptical about sth.

44. have many different abilities 多才多艺、多面手

替换词:be versatile / be well-rounded

45. poor-quality 质量差

替换词:substandard

46. spend a lot of money

花钱大手大脚

替换词:lead an extravagant / a lavish life

47. with long history 历史悠久

替换词:time-honored(后面经常跟抽象名词,比如 tradition / practice / methods / heritage)

48. be very interested in 对…感兴趣

替换词:be absorbed in / be engrossed in

49. be qualified for 胜任

替换词:be eligible for

50. very difficult 很困难

替换词:daunting / formidable

51. having wrong opinions

观点错误

替换词:be skewed / biased

52. enough 足够的

替换词:adequate / sufficient / ample / abundant

53. too much 太多、大量的

替换词:excessive

54. very little 很小

替换词:minimal

55. cause bad effects 产生不良后果

替换词:counterproductive

56. make sth. strong 使某物强壮

替换词:strengthen / fortify / reinforce / consolidate sth.

57. make sth. worse 使某物变得更糟

替换词:aggravate / exacerbate sth.

58. stop 停止

替换词:cease

59. appear 出现

替换词:emerge / arise

60. begin 开始

替换词:commence / initiate

61. keep complaining about sth.

抱怨某事

替换词:grumble about sth.

62. try hard to do sth. 努力做某事

替换词:pursue sth. / make a strenuous (an arduous/ a painstaking) effort to do sth.

63. decrease 下降

替换词:decline / dwindle(特指逐渐缓慢的减少)/ dip / slip (后两个词用来指短促的下降)

64. develop fast 发展迅速

替换词:flourish / thrive

65. develop 培养、培育

替换词:cultivate / foster / nurture(这三个词后面经常跟和教育有关的名词,比如 cultivate an interest in social issues)

66. support 支持

替换词:buttress / bolster

67. work hard 努力工作、专心工作

替换词:work assiduously

68. consider 深思、考虑

替换词:contemplate / reflect on / ponder

69. meet 遇到

替换词:encounter(多用于政府,文化或者 success 这样偏大一些的话题)

70. provide sth. 提供某物

替换词:afford sth.(在正式英文写作中,afford 经常可以表示「提供」)

71. like sth. very much

非常喜欢某物

替换词:have an affinity for sth. / have a strong attachment to sth.

72. consider sth. valuable

觉得某物有价值

替换词:value sth. / treasure sth. / cherish sth.

73. solve 解决

替换词:tackle / combat / address

74. choose sth. / choose to do sth. 选择(做)某事

替换词:opt for sth. / opt to do sth.

75. achieve 实现

替换词:fulfill

76. appear in large numbers 大量出现

替换词:sprout up / mushroom

77. pay…for (one's loss) 支付(损失)

替换词:compensate…for…

78. contribute to 有助于

替换词:promote / facilitate(这两个词都是及物动词,所以不需要跟 to)

79. hate 厌恶、反对

替换词:resent / hold a grudge against

80、is not limited to… 不限于

替换词:is not restricted to…/ is not confined to…

81. improve 提高

替换词:boost / enhance(比如 boost solidarity 增进团结 / enhance productivity 提高生产率)

82. waste 浪费

替换词:use… lavishly

83. change… a lot 变化很大

替换词:fundamentally change… / radically change… / transform…

84. obey 服从、听从

替换词:abide by / comply with / conform to (后面跟 the law / rules / regulations 等)

85. depend on 取决于

替换词:hinge on / be contingent on

86. make one's dream come true

实现梦想

替换词:fulfill one’s potential / attain one’s goal

87. get rid of 摆脱、除去

替换词:eliminate / remove / abolish(多用于政府类话题,废除)

88. mainly 主要地

替换词:primarily / principally / chiefly

89. In the old days,… 在过去

替换词:Traditionally,…

/ Historically,…

90. before… 在… 之前

替换词:prior to…

91. be punished by the law

被法律制裁

替换词:be brought to justice

92. It is common for sb. to…

对…来说很普遍

替换词:It is standard practice for sb. to…

93. in this aspect 在这方面

替换词:in this regard / in this respect

94. in fact 事实上、本质上

替换词:as a matter of fact / in essence / essentially

95. It is impossible that… 不可能

替换词:It is highly unlikely that…

96. The cause of A is B.

A 的原因是 B

替换词:A can be attributed to B / A can be ascribed to B

97. sth. stops 某物静止不动

替换词:sth. comes to a standstill

98. carry out 开展

替换词:launch / conduct

99. pace of life 生活节奏

很多考生在托福写作考试中都会存在词汇贫乏的通病。同学们想要提高托福写作分数,除了清晰的思路、完整的框架以外,简洁有效并且多样化的语言表达也是至关重要的。

因此,课代表为大家整理了100个托福写作黄金词汇和替换词,大家一定要熟练掌握哦!

1. famous people 名人

替换词:celebrities (单数为 celebrity)

2. opinion 观点

替换词:perspective / standpoint (means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)

3. complex 复杂的

替换词:intricate

(if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)

4. part 部分

替换词:component

5. person 人

替换词:individual

6. friends 朋友、同伴

替换词:companions

7. enemy 敌人

替换词:opponent / foe

8. narrow minds 狭隘的头脑或观念

替换词:insular minds

9. boring 无聊的

替换词:tedious

(if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)

10. cold 寒冷的

替换词:chilly (unpleasantly cold) / icy (extremely cold)

11. dangerous 危险的

替换词:perilous (very dangerous) / hazardous (dangerous, especially to people's safety and health)

12. nowadays 目前

替换词:currently

13. result 结果

替换词:consequence (the results or effects of something)

14. obvious 明显的

替换词:apparent / manifest

15. field 领域

替换词:domain (a particular field of thought, activities or interest)

16. wrong 错误的

替换词:erroneous

(incorrect or partly correct)

17. change 改变、转变

替换词:convert

(change into another form)

18. rich 富有

替换词:affluent

(if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)

19. attractive 吸引人的

替换词:appealing

(pleasing and attractive) / absorbing (something absorbing can attract you a great deal)

20. best 最好的

替换词:optimal (used to describe the best level something can achieve)

21. unbelievable 难以置信的

替换词:inconceivable

(if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen)

22. method 方法

替换词:avenue

(away of getting something done)

23. famous 著名的、出众的

替换词:distinguished

(used to describe people who are successful in their career)

24. ancient 古老的

替换词:archaic (extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)

25. possible 可能的、合理的

替换词:feasible

(if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)

26. so 因此

替换词:consequently / accordingly

27. rare 很少发生的

替换词:infrequent (doesn’t happen often)

28. careful 小心的、谨慎的

替换词:cautious (very careful in order to avoid danger) / prudent (careful and sensible)

29. dislike 不喜欢、厌恶

替换词:abhor

(abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons) / loathe (dislike very much)

30. near 附近的

替换词:adjacent (two things next to each other) / adjoin (the same as adjacent)

31. common 普遍的

替换词:universal / ubiquitous (if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)

32. important 重要的

替换词:crucial

(extremely important) / significant (amount or effect large enough to be important)

33.a life without regular exercise

缺乏定期锻炼的生活

替换词:a sedentary lifestyle

34. very popular 很受欢迎

替换词:prevalent / ubiquitous

35. strong 强有力的

替换词:powerful / mighty

36. be better than 比…好

替换词:be superior to

37. many 大量、许多

替换词:numerous

38. most suitable 最合适的

替换词:optimal

39. alone 孤独的

替换词:solitary

40. be the same 一样

替换词:be identical /

be homogenous / be uniform

41. happy 开心的

替换词:delighted

42. good for the environment

对环境好,环保

替换词:eco-friendly

43. doubt sth. 怀疑某事

替换词:be skeptical about sth.

44. have many different abilities 多才多艺、多面手

替换词:be versatile / be well-rounded

45. poor-quality 质量差

替换词:substandard

46. spend a lot of money

花钱大手大脚

替换词:lead an extravagant / a lavish life

47. with long history 历史悠久

替换词:time-honored(后面经常跟抽象名词,比如 tradition / practice / methods / heritage)

48. be very interested in 对…感兴趣

替换词:be absorbed in / be engrossed in

49. be qualified for 胜任

替换词:be eligible for

50. very difficult 很困难

替换词:daunting / formidable

51. having wrong opinions

观点错误

替换词:be skewed / biased

52. enough 足够的

替换词:adequate / sufficient / ample / abundant

53. too much 太多、大量的

替换词:excessive

54. very little 很小

替换词:minimal

55. cause bad effects 产生不良后果

替换词:counterproductive

56. make sth. strong 使某物强壮

替换词:strengthen / fortify / reinforce / consolidate sth.

57. make sth. worse 使某物变得更糟

替换词:aggravate / exacerbate sth.

58. stop 停止

替换词:cease

59. appear 出现

替换词:emerge / arise

60. begin 开始

替换词:commence / initiate

61. keep complaining about sth.

抱怨某事

替换词:grumble about sth.

62. try hard to do sth. 努力做某事

替换词:pursue sth. / make a strenuous (an arduous/ a painstaking) effort to do sth.

63. decrease 下降

替换词:decline / dwindle(特指逐渐缓慢的减少)/ dip / slip (后两个词用来指短促的下降)

64. develop fast 发展迅速

替换词:flourish / thrive

65. develop 培养、培育

替换词:cultivate / foster / nurture(这三个词后面经常跟和教育有关的名词,比如 cultivate an interest in social issues)

66. support 支持

替换词:buttress / bolster

67. work hard 努力工作、专心工作

替换词:work assiduously

68. consider 深思、考虑

替换词:contemplate / reflect on / ponder

69. meet 遇到

替换词:encounter(多用于政府,文化或者 success 这样偏大一些的话题)

70. provide sth. 提供某物

替换词:afford sth.(在正式英文写作中,afford 经常可以表示「提供」)

71. like sth. very much

非常喜欢某物

替换词:have an affinity for sth. / have a strong attachment to sth.

72. consider sth. valuable

觉得某物有价值

替换词:value sth. / treasure sth. / cherish sth.

73. solve 解决

替换词:tackle / combat / address

74. choose sth. / choose to do sth. 选择(做)某事

替换词:opt for sth. / opt to do sth.

75. achieve 实现

替换词:fulfill

76. appear in large numbers 大量出现

替换词:sprout up / mushroom

77. pay…for (one's loss) 支付(损失)

替换词:compensate…for…

78. contribute to 有助于

替换词:promote / facilitate(这两个词都是及物动词,所以不需要跟 to)

79. hate 厌恶、反对

替换词:resent / hold a grudge against

80、is not limited to… 不限于

替换词:is not restricted to…/ is not confined to…

81. improve 提高

替换词:boost / enhance(比如 boost solidarity 增进团结 / enhance productivity 提高生产率)

82. waste 浪费

替换词:use… lavishly

83. change… a lot 变化很大

替换词:fundamentally change… / radically change… / transform…

84. obey 服从、听从

替换词:abide by / comply with / conform to (后面跟 the law / rules / regulations 等)

85. depend on 取决于

替换词:hinge on / be contingent on

86. make one's dream come true

实现梦想

替换词:fulfill one’s potential / attain one’s goal

87. get rid of 摆脱、除去

替换词:eliminate / remove / abolish(多用于政府类话题,废除)

88. mainly 主要地

替换词:primarily / principally / chiefly

89. In the old days,… 在过去

替换词:Traditionally,…

/ Historically,…

90. before… 在… 之前

替换词:prior to…

91. be punished by the law

被法律制裁

替换词:be brought to justice

92. It is common for sb. to…

对…来说很普遍

替换词:It is standard practice for sb. to…

93. in this aspect 在这方面

替换词:in this regard / in this respect

94. in fact 事实上、本质上

替换词:as a matter of fact / in essence / essentially

95. It is impossible that… 不可能

替换词:It is highly unlikely that…

96. The cause of A is B.

A 的原因是 B

替换词:A can be attributed to B / A can be ascribed to B

97. sth. stops 某物静止不动

替换词:sth. comes to a standstill

98. carry out 开展

替换词:launch / conduct

99. pace of life 生活节奏

替换词:rhythm of life / tempo of life

100. adapt to 适应

替换词:adjust to / acclimate to

替换词:rhythm of life / tempo of life

100. adapt to 适应

替换词:adjust to / acclimate to 

 

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