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【真题】托福口语范例解析

作者:刘辰

2015-06-10 新通教育

  托福口语真题范例解析,本文整理了六类托福口语真题提干,并一一做出了详细的解析,希望对考生们备考有所帮助。了解更多托福备考资讯、托福提分课程,可免费咨询400-077-0188.

题干: Describe an interesting style of clothes in your country.

首先,本题属于独立题中的物品描述题,考生需要注意使用具体例子或细节对整体概念进行描述。通过审题发现,题干关键词为interesting style,所以建议做具体阐述的时候强化有趣的特点。本题难点在于,很多考生可能会对服装类词汇不熟悉,甚至用中文都无法叙述我国的有趣服饰,所以建议,将服装与功能、文化结合起来,用我们已经很熟悉的套路解决不熟悉的话题。

例文 –旗袍
  I would like to talk about Chipao, an interesting style of clothes in China. To begin with, Chipaohas a long history and reflects Chinese culture. It is originated from the traditional clothes of Manchu people, who governed the country in Qing Dynasty. It is always made of expensive silk and has many traditional Chinese patterns on it such as bamboo leaves and lotus flowers.

What’s more, during 20th century, talented Chinese tailors combined some western elements with Chipao and made it more wearable in daily life. Since then Chipao has become one of the most popular traditional clothes in China. Nowadays, young women would still choose to wear bright red Chipao in their wedding and other celebrations. And movies in which actresses wear different kinds of Chipaos are sold to everywhere in the world.

题干: If a high school is planning to organize an after-school activity for its students, what kind of activity would you recommend and why?

本题属于独立题中的较难题型,事件题。但从题干内容来看,大多数考生在备考时都已经准备过volunteer activity/sports/environment activity等分类话题,本题可以包容这些考生已经熟悉的内容,故难度并不是很大,这里就不展示范文了,可以给考生提供两个思路。

思路1 – organize a basketball/football/tennis match
  1. Many school work to do during day time/get relaxed
  2. Know the importance of teamwork
  3. The opportunity to exercise/ improve strength and flexibility

思路2 – offer tutoring programs to students
  1. Some students have difficulties in study (e.g. math, physics)
  2. Students from higher grades can tutor those students and earn money
  3. Give valuable experience to students who want to be teachers

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题干: Describe one type of community work you want to take part in.

独立题里的较难题型,事件题。在这类事件题里,学生非常容易陷入中文思维,会耗费时间想“我们的社区叫什么名字”“关爱孤寡老人、学雷锋用英语怎么说”,所以我们在准备的时候,要尽可能避免中文思路,尝试用最简洁、最接地气的动宾结构表达我们想做的事情。
  请记住,我们的评分官是美国人,他们没有义务了解中国的社区活动背景,所以用一种外国人能够听懂的,强化我们具体所做事情、弱化学校要求的方式展开答题,对考生非常重要。

思路1 – take care of the elder citizens in the community
  1. Many old people are not in good health/ clean house and do some cooking
  2. They live apart from their kids so they may be lonely/talk to them
  3. Share their knowledge and life experience with us

思路2 – plant trees and collect garbage around neighborhood
  1. The community suffers serious pollution/ improve the environment
  2. Get exercised when planting trees/ good for my health
  3. Acquire knowledge of protecting the earth and share it with other people.

题干:
  
A Talk about how cellphone has changed people’s lives. Explain your answer in details.
  B Talk about the ways Internet has benefited people’s lives. Explain your answer in details.

两套第一题难度都不大,因为电子产品、通讯工具和互联网和大多数考生日常生活息息相关,感受深刻,例子一抓一大把。我相信考生们在课堂上也一定做了足够多的训练。甚至,有一些理由可以在这两道题中通用,比如:

- The cellphone/Internet has allowed us to communicate with people far from us, even in different countries.
  - With the help of cellphone/Internet, we can know the latest news, so we would know better about what is going on in the society.
  - Whenever I have problems, especially when I get lost, I don’t need to ask other people for help. The cellphone/Internet can tell me where to go and I can easily find my destination.                                                                                                  I9kk

但是,请注意,两道题之间有一个很大的区别。B的题目更倾向于我们平时的训练,因为题干当中出现了一个很明显带有正评价的词“benefit”,我们只需要说网络的优点即可,非常类似考生们习惯的Task 2。但是,A套题中,题干使用的动词时“change”,这是一个中性词。也就是说,在回答A套题时,我们可以详细解释手机的两到三个优点,也可以优缺点间杂着说,甚至选择全部说缺点都是可以的,故考生在答题时,发挥的余地会比B套题更大。

题干:Talk about an important decision that you have made. Explain why this decision is important to you.

描述一个你做过的非常重要的决定,难中之难事件题!但是考点不算偏,和日常生活也足够紧密,所以考生们无需太过紧张。虽然事件题属于独立题里最具有个人特征的提醒,比较难找出一个统一的答案,但是鉴于考生多数为在校学生,我们可以总结出三个主要的场景:选择专业、出国留学、选择工作。

例文:
  I made an important decision last year when I was about to graduate from high school. Students often face some difficulties when they are required to choose major. For me, it was even harder.
  My parents are both successful businessmen and they have always wanted me to take over the family owned business. So they asked me to study finance, accounting and related business majors. But for me, I like Chinese novels very much and I think numbers and business are boring, so I would like to choose to study Chinese literature.
  My father was certainly not happy about that and we had some arguments that time. Finally, I surrendered to my father and chose business management major. Now it turns out it’s a good decision because I can use the knowledge to help my parents and I can still enjoy reading during my spare time.       

题干:
  Describe a person you want to learn more about. Explain why you want to know more about this person.

简单题,入门题,大家都会说的人物题,但是要注意和以往常见题目的区别。人物题最常见的几种形式: Describe the person you admire the most. / Describe the most influential person in your community. / Describe the person you always talk to. 以及其他。无论哪一种,都是基于考生对那个人的了解展开论述。而这题,考察的恰恰是我们“不了解”、“想要了解”的部分。所以千万不要陷入惯性思维一味地述说人物的特点,而是在讲述你了解的特点之余,穿插一部分你尚不知道但是有兴趣的信息。

例文:
  The person I want to lean more about is Steve Jobs, the former CEO of the Apple company, which produces Iphone and Ipad. I have two reasons. First, everybody knows that before Steve worked for Apple, the company suffered loss and none of its products was successful. It was only after Steve became the CEO that Apple started to boom and kick other competitors out.

So I am really interested in this process, how his team invented Iphone and made it successful. Second, Steve Jobs gives perfect speeches. His words “stay hungry, stay foolish” became the motto of thousands of teenagers. So I want to know what kind of experience he had when he was young. Maybe this will help me understand life better.

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