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托福口语2018年1-2月考情整理及参考答案

作者:姬珍慧

2018-04-16 新通教育

对于托福考试,考生们研究真题是必不可少的。新通外语老师为同学们讲解2018年1-2月的托福口语真题,并有参考答案。

20181月和2月的托福考试已落下帷幕,考生们复习最好的资料就是真题,吃透真题。新通外语的姬珍慧老师为同学们整理并解析20181-2月的托福口语考试,同时附独托福口语参考答案,小伙伴们收藏好了~~
 
综述:1. 托福独立口语整体来说不难,就是1.28号有一个事件类,说之前negative后来positive的一件事情。
2.独立口语第四题基本都是biologyecology,第六题基本都是business,只有在1.27号和第四题是psychology 2.4号第四题是education1.27号和2.4号第六题是biology。一样的高频。
 
16日:
托福口语TASK1.(生活类) It is not easy for people to save money. Do you know some good ways to save money?
 
参考思路:Save in the bank, make plan to spend money, record the money you spend each time
 
sample answerSpeaking of good ways to save money, making a plan about what you need to buy is definitely a wise choice. Because this way we can carefully think what we really need and what is useless for us, thus the spending of money can be cut down significantly. For example, my parents give me 2 thousands yuan each month for my living in another city, I usually make a budget at the beginning of the month to distribute the money, and surprisingly I can almost save 3 hundreds of money at the end of the month. My boyfriend on the other hand, he just spends the money on whatever he sees as interesting, so he keeps borrowing money at the end of the month.
托福口语 
托福口语TASK2 (教育类)Some countries have approved “home school“ as part of education. What is your opinion on this?
 
参考思路:
agreesave timeflexible hourssave moneyparents involvement
disagreeatmosphere is gone, can’t communicate with others easily, cost money for each students to buy study facilities.
 
Sample answerI think it is a good idea because it can save both students and teachers a lot of time, cause neither of them need to travel to school which we know would cost at least one hour a day. This time can be used to do other more useful things such as reviewing the text book and preparing for the lecture much better. What’s more, if students study at home, chances are that they can be better supervised since their parents would be around and pay more attention to their kids’ study.
 
托福口语Task 3
阅读 学校图书馆为研究生开设了一片private area
原因1:里面有单独的桌椅。
原因2:可以锁门让学生把东西留在那里。
听力 态度:同意
原因1:研究生不像本科生需要交流,他们更希望自己focus不被打扰。
原因2:研究生经常要写research paper需要很多资料,每天来回搬很麻烦,现在可以留在图书馆了。
 
托福口语Task 4-ECOLOGY
阅读
标题:Animal and plants occupy at different level
定义:当一个生态系统里的最高级Predator消失后所带来的一系列影响。
听力 例子:在北美有一个区域一种动物以捕食鹿维生。不过当公路开通后很多游客来旅游,很多车辆到来,这种动物就离开了这篇区域,鹿的数量就增加。数量增加的鹿又吃了一种树,然后树变少就导致了依赖树的鸟无法生存,生物链一环一环影响下去,导致生态系统有了很大变化。
 
托福口语Task 5
问题:一个女孩子要去加州姐姐的婚礼弹一个大提琴chelo,飞机运去加州她怕损坏
解决方案1:可以买一个很贵的盒子来放乐器
优点1:盒子以后还是可以用的,音色好,熟悉自己的乐器
缺点1:已经花了很多钱买机票了,没钱买盒子
解决方案2:问一个朋友借
优点2:省钱了
缺点2:音色不一定好,也不一定熟悉
 
托福口语Task 6-BUSINESS
话题:contigent workforce
要点1:某些公司有固定的替补的人,然后需要了就去叫
例子1:如果有个老师没来,就打电话给代课老师,所以学生肯定有课上
要点2:因为淡旺季,有些行业需要兼职来帮忙
例子2: 有些商业是demand随着季节变,所以就临时性招人。给了她们town举例子,warm month游客多,有些餐厅就临时雇服务员
113:
托福口语TASK1Nowadays teachers tend to leave homework as group assignment rather than individual assignment. Discuss one advantage and one disadvantage of this.
 
参考思路:advantagecommunicate abilitycooperationorganization等能力锻炼;disadvantagenot suitable to everyone, some students may not devote enough to the work 等。
 
Sample answerOne advantage of group assignment is the cultivation of cooperation among students, since they need to distribute the different part of the work to every single student, and each one , addition to communicate and find his specialty, also need to be aware of the quality and deadline of his work in order to not badly influence the job as a whole.
 While one disadvantage is that those students who didn’t really contribute to the group work may still get the same score with others who devote a lot, thus the motivation of all the students may be negatively affected.
 
托福口语TASK 2 When you have disagreement with your friends or family on controversial issues, which do you prefer: to persuade others or to reserve opinions?
 
参考思路:从考试上来看,persuade很不好说,所以建议按照reserve opinion 来说。
Sample answerFrankly speakingI’d like to reserve opinions when we have disagreement on controversial issues. Because that is the way we humans are! I mean, it’s natural that we have different opinions, so for controversial issues I prefer to express my ideas and explain them to others, at the same time, I will consider others’ preference too, and it seems to me it’s unnecessary to persuade them to adopt my ideas. For example, about the issue whether people should have plastic surgery, I really think it is OK as long as they have enough money and willing to accept whatever risks they might encounter.
 
托福口语Task 3
阅读
学校取消了借laptop给学生的项目
原因:学校觉得学生一般不来借laptop,他们都用大学的电脑。
听力
态度:反对
原因1:大学的电脑很老很旧了还经常崩溃,不好用。
原因2laptop非常方便,可以带到任何地方,学生有时候会需要在宿舍里堆放一些资料书籍,那把laptop带回宿舍就很方便,不用搬着书跑到university computer那里写论文。
 
托福口语Task 4-BIOLOGY
阅读
标题:Aposematic behavior
定义:生物会用一些张扬的行为表明自己不能吃,以吓退捕食者。
听力
例子:有一种caterpillar,会吃一种有毒的植物,鸟在吃掉这种caterpillar之后就会sick。这种caterpillar看见鸟以后不会跑,而是会shake head up and down。鸟类在吃过这种caterpillar之后,再见到它们shake head,就会想起sick的感觉,然后就不会吃它们,而去吃别的caterpillar
 
托福口语Task 5
问题:女孩子想做十个人吃的家乡菜,但是能买到食材的超市很远,她的舍友又出了突发状况没法借她车。
解决方案1:骑自行车去买;
优点1:可以做家乡菜给大家吃,很special
缺点1:食材很多很多,要买两趟,会花很多时间;
解决方案2:换个食谱;
优点2:食材可以在local grocery买到;
缺点2:不special
 
托福口语Task 6-BUSINESS
话题:internal constraints
要点1:有的商家是因为physical原因导致营业状况不好。
例子1: 超市的cash register又老又旧,会影响收银速度,从而让客人annoyed,然后客人就不会再来第二次了。
要点2employ training方面做的不好导致营业状况不好。
例子2: 超市员工不熟悉货物的位置,顾客询问某件商品在哪里的时候带客人去了错误的地方,从而导致客人流失。
托福口语
127日:
托福口语TASK1What do you think can improve your local community and make it a better place to live?
 
参考思路:clean the environment, plant trees, English Corner, helping the elders, helping the kids….
 
Sample answer: I always thinking about organizing an English Corner giving people in my community a chance to practice their oral English. As we know the world has become a small village, people, from kids to elders, need to learn foreign language and foreign culture, and the main language would be English. Plus, an English Corner is where people can know more about their neighborhood, they can understand each other better and in turn giving a helping hand to each other, which can gradually make our community the most harmonious one to live!
 
托福口语TASK2: Some people like to make decision based on their own experience while other people prefer to ask others for help such as family and friends. Which do you prefer and why?
 
参考思路:这个题肯定是说ask others for help容易回答了。
Sample answerFrankly speaking, I prefer ask my friends and family for help, mainly because two brains is better than one. The more people I ask, the more considerate I would become. Plus, friends and family may have encountered the same situation and they have more experience in making a wise decision. For example, when I was selecting my university, they give me the advice such as the rank of the school, the academic atmosphere, the location and so on, now I really enjoy my study in this university.
 
托福口语Task 3
阅读
标题: Audio Tour at Art Museum
原因1: 每天都可以听(之前的人工向导只有周五工作)
原因2:学生可以参加这个项目,积累经验。
听力
态度:赞成
原因1:很多学生周五都要工作或者学习,没时间去。
原因2:我本人最近在找工作,这些经验对我来说十分宝贵。
 
托福口语Task 4-psychology
阅读
标题:Ambiguity effect
定义:倾向于选择已知获胜概率的选项。即便获胜概率很低。不会选择风险未知的选项。
听力
例子:教授自己的经历:可以选择自己的小镇网球赛和另一个小镇的网球赛。教授知道自己小镇上很多厉害的选手,很可能会输。但是对另一个小镇一无所知,不敢选择。
最后没拿到好名次。后悔自己当初没有冒险。
 
托福口语Task 5
问题:几天的假期,学生需要完成一个英文课的论文。
解决方案1:留在学校。
优点1:更多时间写论文。
缺点1:假期不回家,家人会失望。
解决方案2:把作业拿回家写。
优点2:可以见家人。
缺点2:家里有弟弟妹妹会很吵。
 
托福口语Task 6-Biology
话题:章鱼保护自己的两种方法。
要点1:伪装
例子1:靠近珊瑚时改变身体颜色和纹理。
要点2:喷墨
例子2:墨水的形状和章鱼很像,可以让捕猎者困惑,制造逃跑机会。
128日:
托福口语TASK1talk about an event that had a negative,之后觉得positive的一件在学校的事儿
 
参考思路:class presentation , English speaking contest, select an elective course, a match …
 
sample answer: Last semester, I participated in a play in our school to celebrate the Earth Day. At first I thought it was a waste of time, especially I have all kinds of assignments need to be done. So I think it would badly influence my score. Things have changed a lot when I really devoted into the play, I made friends with a lot of students who we seldom had deep conversations and I even had a chance to cultivate the ability of managing my study and my afterschool activities. So it was this chance that gave me the understanding of potential, everyone has the potential that needs to explore.
 
托福口语TASK2 Professors shouldn’t allow students to record class lectures. Do you agree or disagree to this policy?
参考思路: should allowstudents review, foreign students know better.
           Shouldn’t: students may rely on it, students can’t communicate more actively
 
Sample answer: I disagree with this policy. Because recording lectures has a lot of benefits, first it gives students a chance to review or enhance what they learned in classes, maybe even there are certain points they can’t digest quickly enough in class, so the recording can be really helpful in explain the professors’ ideas again and again. Take me for an example, once I went to attend a lecture given by a foreign professor talking about international and globalization, I can’t really understand all his points at once, even I didn’t know when to applaud. It was until I watch the lecture again online that I realize that the professor’s lecture was so great!
 
托福口语Task 3
阅读
标题:学生建议搞一个 language table
原因1. 可以在dining hall练习语言
2. Make friends who have common intersect
听力
态度:男生不同意
原因:1. dining hall is too crowded
2. Joining language club to practice speaking can also make friends
 
托福口语Task 4-biology
阅读
动物界里面不同性别长相分工不一样
听力
例子:
举例bird of paradise。雄鸟羽毛明亮鲜艳,以吸引配偶;雌鸟颜色单调,在家照顾幼鸟;并且,颜色单调不会被捕食者注意,有利于安全。
 
托福口语Task 5
问题:女生被邻居家噪音搞得睡不着 天天上课睡觉
1. 跟好朋友换房子但好朋友家太小了
2. Rug 虽然很贵但是她爸妈有 her parents too busy
 
托福口语Task 6-business
话题:small business的好处
例子是小的衣服店
1. 跟顾客密切接触顾客喜欢personalized stuff and know what they really like eg color, size and so on.
2. Flexibility eg opening hours, adjustments
托福口语
24日:
托福口语TASK1 Who influenced you the most? Family, friends or teachers?
 
Sample answermy family influenced me the most. Because It is my parents who told me the basic qualities a person should have, like be kind, be honesty and be willing to help others, and they always use their behaviors to teach me how to obey these rules. So until these days, I still remembered my mom’s word, like “never tell a lie”. Even now I am an adult and live in another city far from my parents, i still prefer to ask them for advice when there are dilemmas I face, strangely enough, although they never receive college education, they can always give me the most useful and thought provoking opinions.
 
托福口语TASK 2 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: people should always do what they are good at rather than trying something new with risk
 
参考思路: good atconfidenceexpert…
           try new things: enrich life experience, explore one’s potential…
 
sample answer: In my opinion, people should definitely try something new, it is how the society works. Imagine a world where all the people are doing exactly the same thing they are good at, how can there be breakthroughs or developments. Plus, to experience something new is a way to enrich our life, for example, as a student, in addition to study hard and learn knowledge, I really enjoy the time I engaging in part time jobs or voluntary works, like teaching kids English or clean the local community, both of which can give me new perspectives in seeing the world.
 
托福口语Task 3
阅读
标题 : 大学要在湖边安装桌子
原因 1:可以 relax socialize
原因 2: 图书馆满人的时候可以学习
听力
态度 :不赞成
原因 1:人多了就会很吵,还带来垃圾
原因 2:大家都是晚上去湖边,黑漆漆的没法学习
 
托福口语Task 4-education
阅读
标题 :hurdle help
定义 :老师完成难的任务最部分,学生完成剩下的
听力
例子 :剪小动物的纸时候,学生自己不好容易放弃之后之后 就会和周围的小朋友嬉笑打闹,影响课堂秩序;老师可以帮他们剪好以后让他自己放到纸上。这样就不会影响课堂了。
 
托福口语Task 5
问题 :男生选了化学课,太难的学不下去要放弃
解决方案 1:马上放弃
优点 1:有时间精力从头开始学一门新的
缺点 1:他们有个双人的作业,担心自己走了以后搭档做不完这作业
解决 方案 2:死撑两周再走,等作业做完
优点 2:可以帮搭档完成作业了
缺点 2:时光一去不复返,而且这门化学课 这门化学课 太难,到让他非常绝望
 
托福口语Task 6-biology
话题 :两种海里的哺乳动物浮上水面呼吸方式
要点 1physical system边睡觉自动上浮呼吸
例子1:举了一种动物
要点2:脑子里有个alert system,到点了就醒一下,上浮呼吸
例子2:海豚
这篇详细的解析托福口语真题,同学们认真消化吸收,比盲目做几套题有效果得多。对照老师整理的托福口语参考答案,细细领悟。 

指导老师

姬珍慧
姓    名:姬珍慧
所在地点: null
擅长课程: 雅思,托福,SAT
联系电话:null电子邮箱:elvaji@shinyway.com.cn
在线咨询查看老师详情

名师简介

英语专业八级,高级英语教师资格证,托福总分107分

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